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Course Description

Saint John School of Radiological Technology Courses

The following compulsory courses are provided at the Saint John School of Radiological Technology during the discipline specific portion of the Bachelor of Health Science program.

ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I

RADIATION PHYSICS

ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY II

RADIATION PROTECTION

RADIOGRAPHY I

HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALISM

RADIOGRAPHY II

IMAGING TECHNOLOGY I

PATIENT MANAGEMENT I

IMAGING TECHNOLOGY II

PATIENT MANAGEMENT II

APPARATUS

COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY

ADVANCED IMAGING

SPECIAL PROCEDURES

RADIOBIOLOGY

RADIOGRAPHIC PATHOLOGY I

QUALITY MANAGEMENT

RADIOGRAPHIC PATHOLOGY II

RADIOGRAPHIC IMAGE ANALYSIS

 

Anatomy & Physiology I

The Anatomy and Physiology I course investigates the structure and function of the human body. Topics of study include: comprehensive understanding of skeletal anatomy, principal anatomical features of all bones, and advanced knowledge of the relationship, orientation, and characteristics of bones and bony prominences to ensure accurate radiographic demonstration.

Anatomy & Physiology II

This course is a continuation of Anatomy & Physiology I and examines principal anatomical features of the skull and facial bones and advanced knowledge of the relationship, orientation, and characteristics of bones and bony prominences to ensure accurate radiographic demonstration The structure and function of organs and components of respiratory, digestive, urinary and circulatory systems are examined and accurately localized. 

Radiography I

The Radiography I course provides the theoretical background and practical skills necessary to produce radiographic images to aid in diagnosis of all body parts.   Methods are examined to consistently produce, assess, and adjust radiographic images as indicated by patient condition, and/or pathology. Routine examinations of the chest, upper extremity, lower extremity, shoulder girdle, and pelvic girdle are discussed.

Radiography II

This course is a continuation of Radiography I and provides theoretical background and practical skills necessary to produce radiographs to aid in diagnosis.  Examinations of the skeletal system and cranium are examined in routine and trauma situations.   Methods will be examined to prepare a patient and produce images for examinations of the respiratory, digestive, and urinary systems with and without contrast media.

Patient Management I

The Patient Management I course is designed to provide the knowledge and skills necessary to recognize and respond to patient's physical and emotional needs in a professional manner.  Topics of study include: professionalism, principles of ethical and legal behavior, infection control, medical asepsis, body mechanics, medication administration, vital sign assessment, oxygen and suction therapy.

Patient Management II

This course is a continuation of Patient Management I.  Topics of study include: care of pediatric and geriatric populations, surgical asepsis, gastrointestinal procedures, procedure scheduling and sequencing, placement and care of thoracic and abdominal tubes, lines and drains, urinary catheterization, pharmacology, and medical emergency management.

Computed Tomography

The Computed Tomography course examines the procedures involved in performing CT scans of the body including: patient preparation, identification of image parameters, injection of iodinated contrast media, and image acquisition.  Sectional anatomy of the body is examined using CT and MR images of the head, neck, chest, abdomen, pelvis, vertebral column, and skeletal system.

Special Procedures

The Special Procedures course examines the performance of specialized radiographic procedures of body systems and the radiographic images which best demonstrate affected anatomy.  The procedures involved in the performance of reproductive anatomy, surgical radiography, foreign body, pediatric radiography, mammography, angiography and interventional radiology, nervous system procedures, and forensic radiography will be examined.

Radiographic Pathology I

The Radiographic Pathology I course examines common pathological conditions as related to safety and care of the patient. Emphasis is placed on conditions affecting patient positioning, the radiographic image, and the technologist's role in caring for the patient.  Topics of discussion include: pathological terminology and processes; types, management, and healing of fractures; congenital and acquired conditions of the skeletal and digestive systems.

Radiographic Pathology II

This course is a continuation of Radiographic Pathology I. Topics of discussion include: examination of congenital and acquired conditions of the digestive, urinary, reproductive, cardiovascular, nervous, hemopoietic, and endocrine systems with emphasis on pathologies having marked radiographic significance.

RADIATION PHYSICS                                                                                                           

Physics examines atomic structure, electricity, magnetism, electromagnetism (including motors, generators and transformers), basic components of x-ray imaging systems, and the design and function of x-ray tubes. This course also examines how x-rays are produced, x-ray emission spectra, properties of x-radiation, and attenuation processes occurring in the range of energies used in diagnostic radiology.

RADIATION PROTECTION   

Radiation protection provides examines the principles and technical aspects of radiation protection in diagnostic radiology. It provides knowledge of the potential risks and benefits of radiation exposure, factors affecting dose, dose limits and methods of dose reduction to personnel and patients as well as methods of detection and measurement of radiation exposure.

HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALISM

Health Care Professionalism explores the depths of what it truly means to be a professional and what constitutes professionalism in health care. It provides a basic knowledge and understanding of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, how it relates to ego development, and how ego can negatively influence professionalism. This course also examines qualities of effective leadership, the importance of appropriate appearances, and the criticality of good communication in health care while exploring strategies to assist health care providers in becoming better at communicating.

IMAGING TECHNOLOGY I

Imaging Technology I examines fundamental radiographic technique (kV, mA, time), radiographic imaging principles as related to computed and direct radiography. The course also examines basic computer concepts and a basic introduction to the structure and function of computed and direct radiography imaging equipment. A foundational understanding of radiographic image quality analysis is provided, and the usage of anti-scatter grids, and x-ray beam collimation devices is discussed. 

IMAGING TECHNOLOGY II

This course examines digital radiography systems in terms of latent image formation, and latent image extraction. It introduces terms used in describing quantifying aspects and characteristics of digital image receptors, such as spatial resolution, dynamic range, exposure latitude, and signal to noise ratio (SNR). Principles of image display and image processing are examined, as well as best practices for digital image optimization.This course discusses the components, function, and use of stationary and mobile radioscopic (fluoroscopic) systems.

APPARATUS                                                                                                          

This course examines the use of Automatic Exposure Control in diagnostic imaging. This course also considers the basic structure, function and operation of conventional tomography equipment, as well as providing an introduction to the use of CT scanners. This course also examines the parts and function mammographic equipment, the functionality and use of bone mineral densitometry (BMD) equipment and basic interpretation of BMD test results. An introduction to other diagnostic imaging modalities such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Nuclear Medicine (PET/CT & SPECT/CT), and Ultrasound is provided.

ADVANCED IMAGING                                                                                                                         

This course examines advanced computed tomography (CT) imaging principles and advanced usage of CT scanners. The physical theory, function and use of Magnetic Resonance Imaging systems is also discussed, as well as the function and use of mobile radiography equipment, C-Arms, interventional suites and other accessory radiographic equipment.

RADIOBIOLOGY                                                                                                                          

Radiobiology examines the biological events that follow the absorption of x-radiation, the efforts of the organism to compensate, and the resultant damage to the organism. Topics include cellular structure, DNA, the cell cycle, molecular and gross chromosomal changes resulting from radiation exposure, cell types, modes of radiation related damage to cell groups and biological tissues and organs, and the classification of tissues and organs according to radiosensitivity. Radiation effects on the developing fetus, radiation effects occurring in the diagnostic range of radiation exposures, and comparison of loss of life expectancy due to radiation exposure and other causes are also considered.

QUALITY MANAGEMENT                                                                                                             

Quality Management examines the need, purpose and importance of Quality Assurance and Quality Control Programs in Diagnostic Imaging. It also examines the performance of a variety of common quality tests on radiographic imaging equipment, accessory equipment, and imaging plate processors along with the knowledge and skills required to analyze the results. This course also examines several standardized QC Practices as outlined in the Health Canada Safety Code 35.

RADIOGRAPHIC IMAGE ANALYSIS

This course examines a systematic approach to the analysis of radiographic images in terms of radiographic quality (contrast, brightness, spatial resolution, image distortion, image noise), common artifacts and irregularities encountered on radiographic images, positioning of anatomical structures, and common gross pathological conditions. The course provides ample opportunity for students to view and critically assess radiographic images.

CLINICAL PRACTICE I                                                                   

Clinical application designed to provide students with the opportunity to apply learned radiographic knowledge and to practice radiographic skills in the clinical area in the performance of examinations of upper and lower extremities, spine, rib cage and chest.        

CLINICAL PRACTICE II                                                                           

Clinical application designed to provide students with the opportunity to apply learned radiographic knowledge and to practice radiographic skills in the clinical area in the performance of more complex radiographic examinations for fluoroscopy, skull exams, minor specialized radiographic and interventional procedures, and computed tomography (CT.)

CLINICAL PRACTICE III                                                                          

Clinical application designed to provide students with the opportunity to apply learned radiographic knowledge and to practice radiographic skills in the clinical area in the performance of trauma and mobile radiography, OR examinations and specialized radiographic and interventional procedures using advanced imaging modalities and computed tomography (CT.)

GENERAL REVIEW (CLINICAL SUBJECTS)

Reviews Anatomy, Patient Care, Radiography, and Pathology using a variety of assignment types, essays, student presentations and a comprehensive examination.

GENERAL REVIEW (SCIENCE SUBJECTS)

Reviews Physics, Apparatus (I and II), Imaging Technology, Image Quality, Radiation Protection, Radiation Biology, and Quality Control using a variety of assignment types, essays, student presentations and a comprehensive examination.

University of New Brunswick Saint John Courses

The following courses are provided at the University of New Brunswick Saint John during the general health sciences portion of the Bachelor of Health Science program.

Required BHS Year One Courses

Biol 1441 - Anatomy and Physiology I 4ch

Biol 1442 - Anatomy and Physiology II 3ch

Chem 1041 - General Chemistry I 3ch

Chem 1072 - General Chemistry II 3ch

Chem1046 - Intro Chemistry Lab I 2ch

Chem 1077 - Intro Chemistry Lab II 2ch

Math 1001 - Calculus for Life Sciences 3ch

HSCI 2001 - Intro to Health Sciences 3ch

Hum 1021 - Effective Writing I 3ch

Phys 1801 - Intro Physics for Health 5ch

Psyc 1003 - Intro Psychology 3ch

Psyc 1004 - Intro Psychology II 3ch

 

Required BHS Upper Level Courses

BA 2504 - Organizational Behaviour 3ch

HSCI 3061 - Issues in the Canadian Health Care System Fall 2ch

STAT 2263 - Statistics for Health Sciences 3ch

HSCI 3092 - Health Sciences Research Fall 3ch

Elective - any level, any subject 3ch

HSCI 3032 - Interprofessional Communication Winter 3ch

Elective - 3000/4000 level 3ch

PSYC 3033 - Health Psychology Winter 3ch

Elective - 3000/4000 level Biology/Psychology 3ch

PHIL 3133 - Health Care Ethics Winter 3ch

 

One of: PSYC 3343, PSYC 3383, PSYC 3503, PSYC 3513,

PSYC 3603, PSYC 3632, PSYC 3693, PSYC 3711, PSYC 3723,

PSYC 3743, PSYC 3752 (3711 recommended)

For more information on the Bachelor of Health Sciences Radiography program at University of New Brunswick Saint John, contact the Nursing and Health Sciences Coordinator at 506-648-5646 or visit http://www.unb.ca/academics/programs/health-sciences/radiography.html

For Bachelor of Health Science Admission Requirements please visit
http://www.unb.ca/admissions/requirements/index.html#

For more information on the profession of radiological technology in Canada please visit
http://www.camrt.ca/mrt-profession/

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